These people created an Andean empire in South America centered around Cuzco. At its greatest, this territory extended 4,000 kilometers (2,500 miles) north to south, and 805 kilometers (500 miles) east to west. It is estimated that between 3,500,000 and 16,000,000 people, of different tribes, lived in this area. Spanish adventurer Francisco Pizarro, with 180 men, arrived during a struggle for the throne. Thinking the fair-skinned Pizarro was one of their gods, they didn't oppose him. Pizarro killed the ruler of the Inca, and several of his successors, resulting in the destruction of the Inca empire. The Inca were best known for their agriculture, with extensive irrigation canals and aqueducts; a network of stone roads (trained runners working in relays could cover 402 kilometers (250 miles) in a day); Quipus, knotted and colored strings used to keep accurate numerical records; large temples; rope suspension bridges almost 100 meters (328 feet) long; and a formalized religion.

The writer's dictionary of science fiction, fantasy, horror and mythology. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Inca — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Inca (homonymie). Ville sacrée inca de Machu Picchu. Le mot inca désigne tout ce qui se rapporte à …   Wikipédia en Français

  • inca — [ ɛ̃ka ] adj. et n. • ynca 1633; mot quechua ♦ Relatif à la puissance politique établie au Pérou par les chefs de clans de certaines tribus andines (avant la conquête espagnole). L Empire, la civilisation inca. Les quipous incas. ♢ N. Les Incas …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • încă — adv. I. (Cu sens modal) 1. în plus, pe deasupra. Au venit încă două persoane. ♢ expr. Ba încă (sau şi încă) = chiar mai mult decât atât. Dar încă = a) cu atât mai mult; b) (după o propoziţie negativă) cu atât mai puţin. (Şi) încă cum = foarte… …   Dicționar Român

  • INCA — steht für: Integrated Nowcasting through Comprehensive Analysis, ein österreichisches Wettermodell. eine Mess und Kalibriersoftware, siehe INCA (Software) International Newspaper Colour Association, siehe IFRA International Nacra Class… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Inca — In ca, n. (a) An emperor or monarch of Peru before, or at the time of, the Spanish conquest; any member of this royal dynasty, reputed to have been descendants of the sun. (b) pl. The people governed by the Incas, now represented by the Quichua… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Inca — 1590s, from Sp. Inga (1520s), from Quechea Inca, lit. lord, king. Technically, only of the high Inca, but it was used widely for man of royal blood …   Etymology dictionary

  • inca — adjetivo,sustantivo masculino y femenino 1. De un pueblo amerindio que vivía al O. de Sudamérica: el imperio inca, la cultura inca. Los incas lucharon contra los españoles. sustantivo masculino 1. Moneda de oro del Perú que equivalía a 20 soles.… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • inca — 1. adj. Perteneciente o relativo a los aborígenes americanos que, a la llegada de los españoles, habitaban en la parte oeste de América del Sur, desde el actual Ecuador hasta Chile y el norte de la Argentina, y que estaban sometidos a una… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Inca — Inca, s. Inka …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Inca — Inca, Bezirkshauptstadt auf der span. Insel Mallorca, an der Eisenbahn Palma Manacor, mit Acker , Wein und Ölbau, Lein und Baumwollweberei und (1900) 7579 Einw …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Inca — Inca, Stadt auf Mallorca, (1900) 7579 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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